An air conditioner is an essential part of the home. It’s responsible for your comfortable stay. When the weather is unbearable both indoors and outdoors, the system will offer comfort during the day and night. Nowadays, most home heating and air conditioning systems are energy-efficient. Thus, you don’t have to worry about the energy bills.
Most homes have an air conditioning system. However, it all starts with understanding the basics. If you’re thinking of getting a new system, the guide below will help you choose your family.
How the AC System Works
The heating and cooling system has three components: cooling or warming channel, the air passage channel, and a control that helps regulate the thermostat. The cold and warm air systems use the same control and distribution channels. Meaning, cold and warm air passes through the same ducts and is controlled by the same thermostat. It occurs when the house has a central air conditioning system.
A functional system draws warm air from the furnace or the air handler to the duct. The heat comes out of the furnace as the air blows across the evaporator coil, which cools down the air. The refrigerant absorbs the removed heat through and pumps the heat to the condenser located outdoors.
The condenser then cools the refrigerant by expelling heat into the outside air, sending it back indoors, and returning to the starting point. If you experience a malfunction in the cooling and heating systems, there may be a technical problem.
Types of Air Conditioners
The two types of heating and cooling systems are packaged and split units. The split system is commonly used in most homes. It works by distributing air through the duct. The refrigerant circulates in the inside and outside units by absorbing and expelling air, respectively. The cooling refrigerant then makes the air cool, and the furnace blower circulates the cold air throughout the home.
According to http://coolaidairconditioning.com/, You can change the settings and maintain your desired temperatures. You’ll find the AC evaporator coils close to the air handler or furnace. There needs to be an integration of the split system and a furnace to get a cost-efficient system.
The second type is the packed central AC. This type has its condenser located outdoors while its evaporator is located indoors. It has both components in one unit, and you’ll find it installed beside the home and on the ground. It works by pumping warm air from home and passing it to the outdoor packed air conditioner. The air gets cooled and flows back to the house.
The Air Conditioning Heating and Cooling Systems
After heating and cooling the air at the heat and cold sources, it gets distributed to the indoor, and it’s accomplished through three systems. The systems are forced air, gravity, and radiant.
When the furnace produces heat, the forced-air system circulates the heat. The system also distributes the cold air provided by the central AC through a blower. The blower is electrically powered and forces air through the ducts into the rooms.
You can control the amount of the air coming to the home by either adjusting it higher or lower. The central AC and the blower use the same forced-air system to dispense cold air into the home and also takes back warm air to get cooled.
The major challenge faced by the forced air system occurs in the blower. It might turn out noisy, which increases energy consumption. However, it’s an effective system since it uses the blower to distribute heat or cold air.
It connotes the rising of hot air and sinking of the cold air. The gravity system can’t draw out cold air from the AC. The blower is located either below or near the floor. In the gravity system, the warm air rises and flows in the home through the ducts and the registers.
The heat registers need to be at a higher level and are usually located on the walls if the furnace is on the floor. Warm air flows toward the rooftop, and the cold air sinks and flows into the ducts. It then gets back to the furnace for heating.
The radiant system is a heat distribution channel. Its source of heat is hot water. The hot water flows through the pipes, usually on the floor, wall, or ceiling after getting heated by the furnace. Then the air in the room gets warm.
Some radiant systems generate heat with electric heating panels, and the heat is circulated into the rooms. The panels are suitable in places where electricity is less costly, mostly in warm climatic conditions. This type of system cannot discharge cold air from the air conditioning system. Radiant systems need gravity to circulate hot water from the boiler into the radiator. Most of these types are constructed on a concrete slab.
Air Conditioning Filters
Air filters are an essential element of the heating and cooling system. It plays a significant role in keeping dust and dirt off the system. It filters the contaminants and prevents the household from experiencing irritants that might cause discomfort and health challenges. The air filter also cleans the air and makes it fresh. You need to replace and maintain the filters regularly to keep the system functional.
Benefits of an Air Conditioning System
- The heating and cooling system reduces the possibility of asthma attacks. It also decreases exposure to allergens and dust mites. You can avoid such occurrences by changing the air filters often.
- It keeps the home secure because the doors and windows remain closed. There is no exposure to outside elements that can be a hazard to the family
- The air conditioner offers a fresh and comfortable environment that keeps you and your family refreshed all day. You can comfortably carry out your daily exercise and house chores without worrying about the heat.
- The AC is cost-effective, and you don’t incur much energy bills.
The Bottom Line: Understand Your Home Heating and Air Conditioning System to Get the Best Benefits
The home heating and air conditioning system requires close care by ensuring that you keep it well maintained and carry out the necessary repairs before further damages. When choosing the right AC for your home, you’ll need to consider the available space and heating and cooling needs.